高中英语考试常见11类动词词组,阅读/完型必备!

跟大家分享的是高中英语常见的11类动词词组,同学们在考试中都会运用到,一定记得收藏哦!
1.以break为中心的词组
break away from 脱离,逃离 
break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚 
break in 闯进,打断;使顺服 
break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始
break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚 
break the law 违反法律
break the record 破记录 
break one’s promise 失言
break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解
2.以catch为中心的词组
be caught doing 被发现做某事 
be caught in the rain 淋雨
catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车 
catch a cold 伤风,感冒
catch one’s word 听懂某人的话 
catch sight of 发现,瞥见
catch up with 赶上,追及,追上
3.以come为中心的词组
come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付 
come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现 
come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击 
come back 回来;恢复,复原 
come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒 
come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于 
come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次 
come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成 
come into power 开始执政,当权,当选 
come into use 开始使用,获得应用 
come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出 
come to know 开始了解到 
come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露 
come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于 
come to an end 终止,结束 
come true 实现,成为现实;证实 
come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽
4.以do为中心的词组
be done in 精疲力竭 
be done with 完全结束 
do a good deed 做一件好事 
do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费 
do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于 
do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于 
do its work 有效,有作用 
do much 极有用
do wrong to 做错 
do one’s best 尽某人最大努力 
do one’s homework 做作业 
do one’s utmost 尽力而为 
do proud 足以使~~骄傲 
do sb. justice 公平对待某人 
do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生 
do sb. a favor 帮助某人
do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮 
do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理 
do without 不需要,不用 
do wonders 创造奇迹 
have much to do with 和~~很有关系 
have nothing to do with 与~~无关 
have something to do with 和~~有关
in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下 
That will do. 行了;够了
5.以get为中心的词组
get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传 
get above oneself 自视高傲 
get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常 
get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解 
get ahead of 胜过,超过 
get along 前进,进步;同意;离去
get along with 与~~相处 
get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击 
have got to do 不得不,必须 
get away 离开,逃脱 
get back 取回,回来;报复 
get behind 落后;识破 
get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁 
get down to 认真对待,静下心来
get familiar with 熟悉
get hold of 获得,取得 
get home 到家 
get in 进入,陷入;牵涉 
get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身 
get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处 
get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功 
get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯 
get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休
get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成 
get ready for 为~~作准备 
get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱 
get through 到达,完成,通过;及格 
get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见 
get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织 
get used to 习惯于
6.以give为中心的词组
be given to 沉溺于,癖好 
give about 分配;传播 
give and take 相互迁就 
give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发 
give back 归还 
give cause 给予~~的理由 
give ear to 侧耳倾听 
give forth 发出,放出;发表 
give in 屈服,让步,投降
give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步 
give off 发出(烟,气味) 
give oneself out to be/as 自称为
give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首 
give out 分发,公布 
give place to 让位于,被~~所替代 
give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生 
give sb. to understand 通知某人 
give up 放弃;停止 
give way to 让步,退却;屈服于
7.以look为中心的词组
look about 四下环顾;查看 
look after 照顾,看管 
look around 东张西望 
look at 注视,着眼于 
look back 回顾 
look for 寻找;期待,期望 
look down on 俯视;轻视 
look forward to 盼望,期待 
look into 窥视;调查;浏览
look like 看起来象 
look on 旁观;面向 
look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防 
look over 从上面看过去;检查 
look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览 
look up to 仰望,尊敬
8.以make为中心的词组
be made from 由~~原料制成 
be made of 由~~材料制成 
be made up of 由~~组成 
make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗 
make a mistake 弄错 
make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持 
make advantages/use of 使用,利用
make after 追求,追赶 
make believe 假装 
make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚 
make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系 
make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于 
make friends with 和~~交友 
make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为
make much of 重视;理解;赏识 
make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事 
make one’s own 当作自己的看待 
make oneself at home 随便,别拘束 
make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认 
make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视
make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装 
make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱 
make way for 为~~让路,让路于 
on the make 急求成功;增加
9.以put为中心的词组
put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除 
put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉 
put back 把~~放回原处;驳回 
put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落 
put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议
put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成 
put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞 
put on 上演;穿上,带上 
put up with 忍受,容忍 
put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志 
put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列
10.以take为中心的词组
be taken aback 吃惊 
take a seat 就坐 
take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 
take aim 瞄准,设立目标 
take away 拿走,减去;夺去 
take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜 
take one’s place 就坐,入坐 
take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责 
take office 就职,上任 
take ~~ for 把~当作
take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱 
take one’s temperature 量体温 
take part in 参与,参加 
take it easy 别着急,慢慢来 
take place = happen 发生,举行 
take the place of 代替 
take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲 
take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊
11.以turn为中心的词组
give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法 
in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事 
out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的 
take one’s turn to do 轮到做 
turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见 
turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度
turn back 折回,往回走 
turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑 
turn into 走进;变成,变为 
turn to ~~for help 求助于
turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产 
turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于
turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向
turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是 
turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是 
turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新 
turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策 
turn to 变成;着手于 

turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

来源:综合自网络

整理:Chan  校对:CC

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